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A post last week had a short list of seeds you may not need to buy because you have them already. Here's a longer list of them. It includes ones I've mentioned before, to put the info in one place.
There are lots of seeds that you may already have at home, that you can plant outside. For instance:
-dry beans (i.e. pinto beans, Great Northern, kidney, black-eyed peas, garbanzo, Lima, etc.)
-seeds inside a tomato (may or may not be hybrid- look it up online if it matters to you. What it grows into will NOT be a hybrid, though!)
-seeds from melons or any winter squash (some are hybrids)
-wheat kernels (good for sprouts, wheat grass, or let it grow to maturity)
-amaranth (good for greens, as well as the seeds) or quinoa
-flax seed (gives you beautiful blue flowers, more seeds, and fiber if you're interested in spinning...)
-coriander (whole, not ground!) the plant it grows is cilantro; harvest the seeds for more coriander
-mustard seed- the greens are good eating, plus more seeds..
-celery seed (actually is not celery, you grow this one for the celery-flavored seed)
-aniseed (anise seed)
-other whole spices or herb seeds
-raw unsalted sunflower seeds
-raw unsalted pumpkin seeds
-raw unsalted peanuts
And roots you can plant:
-carrots or parsnips (you'll get ferny foliage and lacy white flowers, followed by lots of seed for next year)
-other root vegetables- beets, turnips, radishes, etc- will give you seeds this season
-onions, garlic, or shallots that are starting to sprout (or not). You'll get ball-shaped flowerheads, then seeds from them this year, too.
-potatoes that are shrivelling or sprouting- turn that one into several! -don't throw them away!
-horseradish (a chunk of root from the grocery store will grow)- this is the 2011 Herb of the Year
-Jerusalem artichokes ('sunchokes')
And if you want a tree:
-raw tree nuts- walnut, pecan, hazelnut, almond, etc.
-seeds from any citrus
-cherry, apricot, pear, plum, peach pits or seeds. NOTE: these are almost always hybrids. The fruit it grows will most likely not be the same as you ate. But it's something, and it's food, and if you don't like it, you can always use it as rootstock for a graft from a neighbor's good tree. Or firewood. :D
It's helpful to look online to find the plant's ideal growing conditions and how many days until harvest.